No special needs.
Procedures and Activities
PART 1: Creating a Daily Weather Log
- Students will create their own daily log books for recording and
keeping track of the weather.
- One of the most important jobs a meteorologist does is to observe and
record the local weather at the station. This record is important for
recognizing local climate trends and forecasting. If the log is to be
useful, it is necessary to gather the data in exactly the same manner each
day. The guidelines for this will be established in the next activity.
- A weather log should include the following items: temperature, dewpoint, barometric pressure, wind speed and
direction, 24-hour precipitation total, current weather, and clouds.
You might also wish to include relative humidity,
monthly and/or annual precipitation totals or pollution information (if
available in your area), or anything else you feel is appropriate for
your needs. If you take more than one reading a day, be sure to add a
column for time.
- Determine how many days your students will be keeping their logs and make
the appropriate number of copies of the included daily log page or one you design. Trim or
white out the Web links at the bottom before reproducing, two to a page
in landscape orientation. Leave extra room on the left for binding.
Cut (or fold) log pages in half before constructing logbook.
- Give each student one sheet of construction paper. Have students fold it
in half across the width and decorate the outside with crayons, markers,
- Give each student the appropriate number of insert pages.
- Show students how to place pages inside the cover, making sure they
are lined up straight and up against the fold.
- Have students punch 2 or 3 holes about 1/4" in from the spine.
- Have students thread a piece of yarn through each hole in their logs and
tie in a bow.
Note to the teacher: This design allows you to add extra pages later on.
If this option is not desired, you may wish to staple the books together
PART 2: Recording Data
- As was mentioned in the previous activity, you will need to make your
observations in a uniform manner if they are to be useful. One
observation a day is enough for our purposes, but you may do it more
often if you wish. Be sure to take your reading at the same time every
day. Day-to-day fluctuations in the weather get lost in the "noise" if
you vary your time from day to day. (Noise is the fluctuations in the
data caused by variables or sources you aren't interested in. For example,
temperature is usually lowest in the morning and highest in the afternoon.
- It is also important to take your readings in the same location each day.
An open grassy area is ideal but not essential. Wind measurements should
be taken away from trees and buildings. Thermometers should not be placed
in direct sun. The barometer can be kept and read in the classroom.
- Once the students have learned to use the instruments and to make their
measurements, you may wish to assign them the task of making the
observations and measurements and reporting to the rest of the class.
- Record the daily weather in a convenient place for all students,
such as on the chalkboard.
- Copy down the day's weather readings into your log book each day.
- Keep your eyes open for trends and changes in the weather. This
information will prove important to you later on as you begin to
Closing - Original Question
How can I study the weather?
- Have students share how they are going to use their Daily Weather
Logs to help them study the weather.
- Listen for evidence that they understand:
- Weather data must be gathered in a consistent way.
- Observations and information must be recorded neatly and accurately.
Careers Related to the Lesson Topic
- Aerospace Engineer
- Aerospace Labs and Wind Tunnels
- Anyone with a Job Outdoors
- Environmental Engineer
Weather Underground at University of Michigan's Department of
Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences
- Naval Science & Engineering
- TV or Radio Weather Reporter