Vitamin C in Fruit Juices

Recommended Age Level: High School

Purpose

In this experiment we will determine the amount of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in different fruit juices by titration of the juice with a solution of iodine. The iodine reacts rapidly with the vitamin C. If you have a juice you would like to analyze, bring about 125 ml to lab. Compare at least two juices.

Procedure

Preparation of the Sample: Add about 1 g of oxalic acid (to stabilize the ascorbic acid) to about 100 ml of the juice in a 250 ml beaker.

The Titration: Rinse your clean 50 ml buret with a little iodine solution and fill it with the iodine solution using a funnel. Drain it to just below the first volume mark. Be certain that there are no air bubbles in the tip. Read the initial volume to the nearest 0.01 ml.

Pipette 25.0 ml of your filtered fruit juice into a clean Erlenmeyer flask. Add a little (the tip of your spatula) of the thyodene indicator. Add iodine solution from the buret with constant swirling until a definite color change is observed throughout the solution.

Sometimes the color will fade on standing, so take the first time it changes as your endpoint. Record the final level of your iodine solution. Repeat this section once or twice as time permits.

Calculations

One ml of the iodine solution is equivalent to 0.30 mg of vitamin C. Calculate the number of milligrams of vitamin C in 25 ml of your sample by multiplying the volume in ml of iodine solution you used by the vitamin C equivalent of the iodine solution. Record this in your notebook for each of your trials. Calculate the average value, as well, and record that. Do at least two trials for each juice. For your conclusion compare at least two different juices.

Wastes: All of the reagents and wastes in this experiment can be put down the drain with the water running.

This activity has been copied, with permission, from the California State University at Stanislaus server to ours, to allow faster access from our Web site. We encourage you to explore the original site


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