Attack unfamiliar words by sounding them out, by breaking them into familiar parts with meanings you know, by looking at the surrounding words and sentences for clues to the meaning of the word.
Use your general knowledge. Ask yourself, "What do I already know about ____________?"
Anticipate the answer and look for the one most like what you expect. Be flexible. You may not always find exactly the choice you are looking for. Then, you must choose the best of the options available.
Use logical reasoning. For each possible answer, ask yourself, "What would happen if . . . ?"
Use process of elimination with multiple choice questions for which more than one option is correct.
Look for Test-Wiseness cues if the other strategies don't work.
If you guess at an answer, check your guess against what you already know and against what your logical reasoning tells you.
Adapted from Kentucky State University Reading Lab
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